The effects of Y 3+ mole fraction, ball-to-powder weight ratio, milling time and milling rate on the photocatalytic activities were evaluated by the degradation of methylene blue () under UV light. Then Y 3+ /TiO 2 photocatalysts prepared at the …

The photocatalyst NaCl/TiO2 was prepared using a solid-state method by ball milling through doping NaCl into TiO2 using anhydrous ethanol as disperser. The light absorption of the prepared NaCl/TiO2 was successfully shifted to the red region, and the absorption spectrum (λ>400 nm) was also extended.

Titanium Aluminide based composites with Al2O3 reinforcement can be produced via reaction of Al with TiO2. These composites are considered as low price materials for high temperature applications. In this research, the effect of ball milling on 3TiO2/7Al system was investigated. On the basis of obtained results, ball milling for 0 to 60 h does not lead to reduction of TiO2 by Al. but reduces ...

Arsenic contamination and its removal from the ground or natural water become an inevitable research line as it is highly carcinogenic and toxic. In the last few decades, nanotechnology has been achieved to provide accessible clean water for all …

In this research, the effect of ball milling on 3TiO2/7Al system was investigated. On the basis of obtained results, ball milling for 0 to 60 h does not lead to reduction of TiO2 by Al. but ...

Anatase TiO2 powders used as photocatalysts were prepared by ball milling process at various milling time and annealed in nitrogen atmosphereat different temperatures. Commercial TiO2 powders were ball-milled with ethanol at room temperature. After ball milling process, the samples were annealed in nitrogen atmosphere. The particle sizes and surface area of milled powders were measured by ...

C3N4/TiO2 hybrid photocatalysts with highly enhanced photocatalytic performance were prepared by a facile ball milling method. A layered structure of g-C3N4 was formed on the surface of TiO2. The mechanochemical process can promote the dispersion of C3N4 …

Several TiO 2-carbon nanotube composites were prepared by ball milling procedure.Prepared materials were characterized by several techniques, including N 2 equilibrium adsorption isotherms, thermogravimetric analysis, elemental analysis, X-ray diffraction spectra and transmission emission microscopy, and tested in the mineralization of oxamic acid (OMA) by …

We carried out a rational design of catalyst supports by high-energy ball milling. Tailored mixtures of TiO 2 crystalline phases were obtained using rotational speed and milling time as variable parameters. Polymorphic transformation from anatase to rutile through high-pressure TiO 2 (II) as intermediate was confirmed by X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Raman Spectroscopy and Transmission …

Ball milling TiO 2 anatase together with TiH 2 can create an effective photocatalyst. The process changes the lattice and electronic structure of anatase. Lattice deformation created by mechanical impact combined with hydride incorporation yield …

Effect of ball milling on reaction between TiO2 and Al. Titanium Aluminide based composites with Al2O3 reinforcement can be produced via reaction of Al with TiO2. These composites are considered as low price materials for high temperature applications. In this research, the effect of ball milling on 3TiO2/7Al system was investigated.

High-energy ball milling of Al2O3–13 wt% TiO2 and Al2O3–44 wt% TiO2 powders have been studied and more precisely the effect of the addition of a milling agent and the relative speed of the vials. The evolution of the microstructure of the milled powders has been studied by X-ray diffraction and the evolution of the specific surface areas has been determined.

When the ball milling speed, time, and material ratio were respectively 400 rpm, 10 h, 25:75, and then calcined at high temperature, after 2 h of irradiation under UV light, CdS/TiO2 composite ...

TiO2, ZnO, and SnO2 metal oxides were synthesized by the sol-gel method and heterojunctions were fabricated by combining TiO2 with either ZnO or SnO2 in a 1:1 ratio using mechanochemical ball milling process. The ball milling process promotes ...

Mixed-phase anatase/rutile titanium dioxide (TiO2) composite powder is an important material due to the unique properties of photocatalytic activity that is higher than that of the only single anatase or rutile phase. In this study, the anatase/rutile mixed phase TiO2 composite powders were prepared by ball milling of TiO2 commercial grade powders.

Reduced TiO2 (TiO2−x) materials have attracted increasing attention due to their large solar absorption and high photo-activity. However, their synthesis procedures usually involve harsh conditions, such as high temperature and/or high pressure. …

CdS/TiO 2 composite photocatalysts were made by the method of secondary ball milling at different ball milling speeds, milling time, and material ratios. After the secondary ball milling process, parts of the samples were calcined at high temperatures. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) were used to observe the powder particle size, structural defect ...

· An S-TiO 2 nanoparticle-based solar cell showed improved efficiency, which has been assigned with the increased electron lifetime, as evidenced by the electro-chemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS).5 In another report, Sun et al. presented the study of DSSCs based on S-TiO 2 nanoparticles prepared by the ball milling of titania nano-

A novel ball milling technique for room temperature processing of TiO 2 nanoparticles employed as the electron transport layer in perovskite solar cells and …

A novel ball milling technique for room temperature processing of TiO 2 nanoparticles employed as the electron transport layer in perovskite solar cells and modules M. Singh, C. Chiang, K. M. Boopathi, C. Hanmandlu, G. Li, C. Wu, H. Lin and …

TiO2–CeO2 photocatalysts were synthesized by a high energy ball milling process at different milling speed and their photocatalytic activities were evaluated by measuring degradation efficiency of methyl orange. Phases, crystal size, microstrain, and morphology were evaluated. The results have demonstrated that the milling reduces the average crystallite size for any milling speed ...

Ball-milling is a way of inducing phase transformations, chemical reactions, and changes in the reactivity of solids. It is a complex process for which several models have been developed to predict the evolution of systems and to describe its physics.

Submicrometer TiO2 particles were prepared by changing the mechanochemical parameters in planetary ball milling. The TiO2 particles before and after milling were characterized by five experimental ...

The ball milled mixtures were characterized using powder XRD, FT-IR and photoluminescence spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. Intimate contact between lignin and TiO 2 was achieved using water and acetone as the solvents in …

Using high torque mixing equipment (Caframo model BDC1850), the TiO 2 is dispersed into distilled water and circulated through a pipe system to a high-energy ball milling (Netzsch model LMZ 10). The cabin volume of the mill is 10 L with 10% ZrO 2 balls (100 μm diameter and apparent density of 3.7 g/cm 3). Five samples are extracted at ...

Figure 66 EDS Spectra for 500C 3h Zn Doped TiO2 After Ball Milling..... 78 Figure 67 EDS Spectra for 600C 3h Zn Doped TiO2 After Ball Milling..... 78 . ix EFFECTS OF ZN DOPING AND HIGH ENERGY BALL MILLING ON THE PHOTOCATALYTIC PROPERTIES OF TIO TiO). . . ()( ) = =) ...

TiO2-coated boron particles were prepared by a wet ball milling method, with the particle size distribution and average particle size being easily controlled by varying the milling operation time. Based on the results from X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, …